We are all aware of the events mentioned in our history books such as the Arab-Israel conflict and the Cold War, but hardly does anyone know of the major events where the world was on the verge of coming to an end or of a massacre which claimed over 1,000,000 lives. Discussed below are some of the major but less known historical events of the world.
Event 1. Rwandan Genocide
It was probably the biggest failure on the part of the UN and so, it is kept under wraps. The civil war between two tribes of Rwanda, Hutus and Tutsis culminated into a genocide killing over 1,174,000 people in a span of 100 days. This genocide also has the worst rape count possible and almost all Tutsi women alive during that time have been victims of public gang rape.
Event 2. Tankman
Because China decided to remove all traces of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, it is a very less-known event. The unemployed intelligentsia of China decided to fight back by protesting peacefully against the unavailability of jobs when the Government decided to send tanks to stop it. To stop the massacre, an unknown man in a white t-shirt walked towards the tank and stood in front of it which compelled the tanks to stop in their tracks. The picture captured is so powerful that Time magazine felicitated the guy on their list of “100 most influential people”.
Event 3. Mossad’s Prediction
Mossad is the Israeli intelligence agency. Because Israel was always supported by the USA, Mossad had informed the FBI and CIA in August 2001 that around 200 terrorists had slipped into the United States and were planning “a major assault on the United States.” The Israeli intelligence agency cautioned the FBI that it had picked up indications of a “large-scale target” when the US was most vulnerable.
Probably the U.S. authorities didn’t think that the warning was credible or they didn’t have enough information to come up with a counter-terrorism plan, but a month later, terrorists struck at the World Trade Centre and the Pentagon.
Event 4. Vasili Arkhipov
We all know about the famous Cold War and the Cuban Missile crisis, but how many of us actually know about the man who saved the world?
In 1962, when the USA had created a blockade of ships entering Cuba, a submarine armed with 15 kilotonnes of nuclear torpedo had almost run out of air. Not seeing any other option, Savitsky decided to attack the US ships around and was persuaded and convinced by his Second Captain, Arkhipov not to do so.
The gravity of the matter wasn’t known until McNamara stated in a conference in Havana in 2002 that the nuclear war was closer than people actually knew and the world was saved by Arkhipov.
Event 5. Pol Pot
He was the most unpopular leader Cambodia has ever had. Cambodia was ruled by Pol Pot and his party known as the Khmer Rouge for three years (1975-78) during which people weren’t allowed to do anything except cultivate rice. During his reign, Cambodia had “killing fields” where bodies of people were disposed either because they died of fatigue or dared to oppose the ruling party. Over 200,000 people of different ethnicities died in these years.
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