ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) is traversing an array of research experiments in the field of astronomy which makes every Indian feel proud. Today, the nation stands as one and takes pride for the magnificent feat by Indian Space Research Organization – of sending the Mars orbiter successfully to the Red Planet. In doing so, India became the first country to do so successfully on its first try, and that too at a cost, (as has been thrown about on social media many times), less than the budget of the movie Gravity.
Facts About ISRO
1. ISRO was established in 1969 in Bangalore, Karnataka and has completed 120 missions and 74 satellite launch.
2. India is a member of the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space.
3. President A P J Abdul Kalam was the Project Director of SLV-3. The SLV-3 weighed 17 tonne and had a payload of 40 kg. The SLV-3 put 35 kg Rohini Satellite into the orbit. He later headed the prestigious integrated missile development program at DRDO.
4. ISRO’s last 40 years expenditure is about half of NASA’s single year budget.
5. India operates the most refined and by far the largest civilian Remote sensing satellite programs in the world. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugrated the launch of satellite NAVIK to develop a map of the whole country. The map will tell data about the country’s physical and biological resources and their distribution throughout the country.
6. ISRO is working on a Human Spaceflight Program to undertake a human spaceflight mission to carry a crew three astronauts for seven days to Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and return them safely to a predefined destination on earth. The first sub-orbital flight was successfully carried out on a GSLV MK III vehicle on 18 December 2014.
7. ISRO has 13 centers spread all across India and has helped other countries in launching their satellites into the desired orbits. To date, it has launched about 35 foreign satellites. Some of the key countries are Israel, France, Canada, Germany, Korea, Belgium, Italy, Netherlands, Japan, Turkey, Switzerland, Argentina, Singapore, Austria, Denmark, UK among others.
8. Current DTH services providers in India rely on satellites launched by ISRO, but the progress of DTH operators has been impeded due to the non-availability of transponders. ISRO is working on launching more transponders.
9. Antrix, the corporate arm of ISRO. Antrix deals with the commercialization of space products, consultancy and technology transfer developed by the ISRO. It has clientele worldwide – Europe, Middle East and SE Asia. Apart from bigwigs from ISRO and other related space bodies, two of India’s biggest industrialists – Ratan Tata and Jamshyd Godrej – are on the board.
Space Agencies Of The World Apart from NASA
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